Lyme Disease

CAUSE:

A multisystemic disorder caused by a spirochete through a tick bite. It often begins in the summer with classic skin lesions. Weeks or months later, cardiac or neurologic abnormalities may develop, sometimes followed by arthritis. The disease has at least three phases. Tick bites usually occur from April through November.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

Red, raised bumps on the skin, a mild rash on the cheeks and conjunctivitis. In phase one, red blotches, along with constant fatigue, headaches, fever, chills, sore muscles, joint pain and swollen lymph glands replace the bumps. In phase two, one can have facial palsy and cardiac problems. In phase three, one has marked swelling, and arthritis in large joints.

INCUBATION PERIOD:

3 to 32 days after tick exposure.

MODE OF TRANSMISSION:

A minute rodent or deer tick injects saliva full of spirochetes into the bloodstream or deposits fecal matter on the person’s skin.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES:

Avoidance of tick-infested areas. Use repellents when in infested areas.

PERIOD OF COMMUNICABILITY:

None. It is spread by exposure to tick and not human exposure. It is usually treatable with antibiotics.

IMPLICATIONS FOR SCHOOL:

Immediately report diagnosed case to Coordinated Student Health Services at 754-321-1575. Coordinated Student Health Services will report to Department of Health-Broward. Student may return to school with healthcare provider’s note.