Meningitis, Meningococcal (Bacterial)

CAUSE:

Meningococcal organisms

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:

Early signs and symptoms are sudden onset of high fever, sore throat, intense headache, stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, and rash. Illness is generally very severe and associated with high fever.

INCUBATION PERIOD:

Varies from 2-10 days commonly 3-4 days.

MODE OF TRANSMISSION:

Direct contact, including respiratory droplets from the nose and throat of infected persons.

PREVENTIVE MEASURES:

Respiratory isolation for 24 hours after start of therapy. Close surveillance for household contacts that have shared eating utensils, and also close friends at school for prophylactic therapy.

PERIOD OF COMMUNICABILITY:

As long as meningococcal organisms remain in the nose and throat. They usually are eradicated within twenty-four hours by appropriate treatment.

IMPLICATIONS FOR SCHOOL:

Report cases to Coordinated Student Health Services 754-321-1575. Coordinated Student Health Services will report to Department of Health-Broward immediately. Exclude student from school. Student must have a healthcare provider’s note to return to school.